Northlands

by Matthew Whittall

album for horn and string orchestra

Empty sheet

Matthew Whittall

Northlands

Fennica Gehrman

Description

This work came about as commission from my friend Tommi Hyytinen for a concertante-type piece. Initially apprehensive about both the concerto form, with its attendant expectations of virtuosic display, and about writing such a work for my former main instrument, I felt I wasn't ready, that I was still too close. The additional request for a piece with chamber string orchestra was another stumbling block, as I'd thought my first contribution to the horn concerto repertoire as an ex-player myself should be a rather grand statement. After some thought on the matter, though, I realized that Tommi had in fact saved me from myself, offering me the opportunity to write a subtler, more intimate piece. I began to think about his background and mine, and our shared love of the solo and chamber, rather than orchestral repertoire of the horn, and of the sound of the valveless natural horn. It also occurred to me that the clean, cool soundworld of horn and strings was highly evocative of the Nordic landscapes I find so inspiring, and therefore it seemed that what was called for was a contemporary take on the gentle "pastoral" concerto popular in the early 20th century, in which overt technical virtuosity takes a supportive role to the lyrical beauty of the solo instrument’s voice. The "album" of the title refers simply to a collection – of images, of songs, of writings – in keeping with the formal construction of the piece as a series of loosely interconnected episodes.

When the première performance was arranged with the Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra in Tommi's hometown of Kokkola, the themes of North and nordicity took on a sudden prominence. I found myself drawn to my countryman Glenn Gould's thoughts on the subject in his radio composition The Idea of North, in which he saw geographical isolation and solitude as engendering a deep introspection. Gould also dealt with the romanticizing of an imagined North that takes place in the mind of the inexperienced versus the sometimes harsher reality of life in northern climes, a reality brought into sharper focus for me by a trip to Iceland in the fall of 2007. In fact, much of the structure and content of Northlands was influenced in one way or another by my brief experience with Iceland, its epic landscapes and otherworldly light, which had an immediate and powerful impact both on me and the concept for the piece, and whose rich vocal music tradition was a revelation. The world the string orchestra creates for the soloist in Northlands is at first a melancholic one of shadows and diffuse light, but also increasingly of sun and bright, clear skies as the piece gradually unfolds. Toward the end the music coalesces around a quotation on the natural horn of the Icelandic hymn Sjóferðabæn ("The Seafarer's Hymn") – a tune graciously passed on to me by folk singer and composer Bára Grímsdóttir, and which generates much of the material of Northlands – before giving way to a pulsing, joyous music that calls the horn home.

Northlands was commissioned by Tommi Hyytinen with the assistance of the Sibelius Fund and LUSES, and is dedicated to him.


Instrumentation

str, hn solo [min str: 55432]


Category

Works for Soloist(s) and Orchestra


Premiere

Tommi Hyytinen, horn, Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra, cond. Juha Kangas, Kokkola, Finland, March 13, 2010.


Commisioned by / dedications

Publisher: Fennica Gehrman.


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