Einojuhani Rautavaara

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Einojuhani Rautavaara was one of Finland’s internationally most successful composers. He made his major breakthrough with the Seventh Symphony, Angel of Light, in the 1990s, but his output includes numerous classic operas, concertos, chamber music works and choral works. Over his extensive career, he progressed from Neo-Classicism to strict dodecaphony to free-tonal Neo-Romanticism. His recent work, according to Kimmo Korhonen, is “almost a textbook case of Post-Modernism”, and his catalogue of influences over the decades includes Orthodox liturgical music and Finnish fiddlers. Rautavaara often talked about music on a mystical-cum-romantic level, “a midwife rather than someone giving birth”, as Korhonen puts it.


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Works

Title Instrumentation Year Category Duration Available from
Adagio celeste 2000 2 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Adagio ja Toccata 1954 8 00:00 [withdrawn]
Aleksanteri Könni 8 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Aleksis Kivi 1996 1 01:40:00 Fennica Gehrman
Almanakka kahdelle 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Anadyomene 1968 2 10:30 Fennica Gehrman
An Epitaph for Bela Bartok 1986 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Angel of Dusk 1980 7 27:00 Fennica Gehrman
Angel of Dusk 1980 27:25 Fennica Gehrman
Angel of Light (Symphony No. 7) 1994 2 38:00 Fennica Gehrman
Angels and Visitations 1978 2 19:00 Fennica Gehrman
Annunciations 1976 3 27:20 Fennica Gehrman
Apollo contra Marsyas 1970 1 00:00 Music Finland
Apotheosis 2 08:00 Fennica Gehrman
April Lines 1970 7 09:00 Boosey&Hawkes
A Requiem in Our Time 1953 2 10:00 Fennica Gehrman
A Tapestry of Life 2007 2 24:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Auringon talo 1990 1 01:20:00 Fennica Gehrman
Autumn Gardens 1999 2 28:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ave Maria 1957 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ave Maria, gratia plena 1957 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ballad for Harp and String Quintet 1973 7 10:00 Fennica Gehrman
Barnet 1964 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Before the Icons 1955 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Bird Gardens 1982 2 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Book of Visions 2004 2 36:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Canción de nuestro tiempo 1993 9 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Canticum Mariae Virginis 1978 9 00:00 Sulasol
Cantilena 1974 7 00:00 [lost]
Canto I 1960 2 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Canto II 1960 2 09:00 Fennica Gehrman
Canto III 1972 2 09:00 Fennica Gehrman
Canto IV 1992 2 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Cantos 1960 23:00 Fennica Gehrman
Cantus arcticus 1972 2 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ces Bons Soirs de Septembre 1976 8 03:00 [probably lost; location not known]
Christmas Carol 2010 9 04:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Clarinet Concerto 2001 25:00 Fennica Gehrman
Concerto for Cello and Orchestra 1968 3 17:00 Breitkopf & Härtel
Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra 2001 3 25:00 Fennica Gehrman
Concerto for Flute and Orchestra 1975 3 00:00 Breitkopf & Härtel
Concerto for Harp and Orchestra 3 21:00 Fennica Gehrman
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 1969 3 00:00 Breitkopf & Härtel
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 1989 3 23:00 Fennica Gehrman
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 3 1998 3 27:00 Fennica Gehrman
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra 1977 3 24:00 Fennica Gehrman
Concerto No. 3 "Gift of dreams" 1998 27:00 Fennica Gehrman
Con spirito di Kuhmo 1999 7 00:30 Fennica Gehrman
Credo 1972 9 05:00 Fennica Gehrman
Der Schauende 1959 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Der Tod der Geliebten 1959 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Die erste Elegie 1993 9 10:00 Fennica Gehrman
Die Liebenden 1959 12:00 Fennica Gehrman
Die Liebenden 1959 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Die Liebenden 1959 16:00 Fennica Gehrman
Dithyrambos 1970 7 03:00 Fennica Gehrman
Divertimento 1953 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Dramaattinen alkusoitto 1951 2 00:00 [withdrawn]
Dröm i katedralen 1964 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Eingang 2009 04:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Elämän kirja 1972 9 04:00 YL
Electropus 1977 7 05:00
En dramatisk scen 1975 1 30:00
Epitafi BÉla BArtókille 2 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Eron hetki on kalveakasvo 1997 9 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Etydit-Etudes 1969 8 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Fanfaari 1992 7 01:00 Music Finland
Fanfaari EMOlle 1983 7 02:00
Fanfara per Fagotti 2010 7 02:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Fanfare for EMO 1983 00:00
Fanfare for the Lahti World Athletics 1978 2 01:00
Fiddlers 1952 12:00 Fennica Gehrman
Finnisch, heute 1970 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
First Sonnet from the Portuguese 9 00:00 [lost]
Four Songs from the Opera Aleksis Kivi 1997 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Fünf Sonette an Orpheus 1954 9 20:00 Fennica Gehrman
Fuoco 2007 8 03:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Galgenlieder 1949 9 00:00 [lost]
Garden of Spaces 1971 2 14:00 Fennica Gehrman
Guds väg 1964 9 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Häämarssi 1984 8 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Halavan himmeän alla 1998 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Hallin Janne 01:30 YL
Hallin Janne 1973 9 02:00 YL
Hammarskjöld fragment 1975 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Harp Concerto 2000 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Helsinki Dancing 1971 2 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Helsinki-fanfaari 2 01:00 Music Finland
Herbsttag 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Herdepsalm 1964 01:03 Fennica Gehrman
Herran rukous 1973 9 03:00 Fennica Gehrman
Heureka Music 1-2 1989 11 10:40
Hiilivalkea 1975 11 15:00
Hommage à Ferenc Liszt 1989 2 04:00 Fennica Gehrman
Hommage a Zoltan Kodaly 1982 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Hommage a Zoltan Kodaly 1982 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Hunnuton 1947 9 00:00 [lost]
Huojuva keula 1972 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Hymnus 1998 7 05:00 Fennica Gehrman
II. variazioni 06:30 Music Finland
Ikonit 1955 8 12:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ilmarisen lento 1976 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Iltarukous 1953 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
I min älsklings trädgård 1993 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
I min älsklings trädgård 1993 9 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
In memoriam J. K. Paasikivi 1967 2 00:00 Music Finland
Into the heart of light 2011 2 15:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Isä-Peikko ja Simpukka-Ukko 1952 1 00:00
Isontalon Antti ja Rannanjärvi 1973 9 04:00 YL
Itsenäisyyskantaatti 1967 1966 9 27:00 Fennica Gehrman
I vinternatten 1969 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Joulun virsi 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Joulun virsi 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Joulun virsi, elämän virsi 1953 9 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kainuu 1975 9 37:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kaivos 1958 1 01:22:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kaksi kelmiä 1973 9 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kaksi kelmiä 1973 03:00 Music Finland
Kaksi laulua Vigiliasta 1971 9 03:50 Fennica Gehrman
Kaksi nokturnoa 1951 9 00:00 [lost]
Kaksi psalmia 9 05:00 Publishers: Association of the Finnish Cantor-Organists (mixed choir version); Helsinki University Chorus (YL) (male choir version)
Kaksi taloa 1973 9 01:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kaksoiskotka 1972 9 00:00 Music Finland
Kasvaa - kehittyä - muuttua 1974 2 07:00 [withdrawn]
Katedralen 1983 9 16:00 Fennica Gehrman
Katso minun kansani on puu 1991 9 14:00 Music Finland
Kaupungissa sataa 1948 8 00:00 [lost]
Kesäyö 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kettu ja sairas kukko 1975 9 02:00 Sulasol
Kiusaukset 1969 1 30:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kolme Gothamin viisasta miestä 1973 00:00
Kolme kappaletta vokaaliyhtyeelle 1973 9 07:00 [withdrawn]
Kolme luonnekuvaa 1958 00:00 Music Finland
Kolme symmetristä preludia 1950 8 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Konsertto puhaltimille 1950 2 00:00 [withdrawn]
Konzert für Sopran und Orchester 1970 17:00 Music Finland
Kuljen yli kevätlumisien puistikoiden 1977 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kuljin matkan aamupuolella yötä 1977 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kynttilänpäivä 1953 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Kyrie 1964 01:00 Fennica Gehrman
Lahti fanfare 1967 2 01:00
Lähtö 1975 9 02:00 Sulasol
La première neige 1947 8 00:00 [lost]
Lapsimessu 1973 9 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Laudatio trinitatis 1969 8 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Laulaja 1956 9 03:00 Fennica Gehrman
Lauluja Kaarlo Sarkian ja Edith Södergranin runoihin 1948 9 00:00 [lost]
Lauluja Paul Verlainen ja Aila Meriluodon runoihin 1947 9 00:00 [lost]
Legenda 1985 9 04:00 Sulasol
Lehdet lehtiä 1979 9 04:50 Sulasol
Liebes-Lied 1959 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Lintujen hautajaiset 1973 00:00
Lintukoto 1995 2 20:00 Fennica Gehrman
Lorca Suite 1973 9 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Lorulei 1973 9 03:00 Sulasol
Lost Landscapes 2004 7 21:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Ludus verbalis 1957 9 04:00 Breitkopf & Härtel
Lu'ut sekakuorolle 1965 9 10:00
Maailman uneen 9 07:00 Fennica Gehrman
Magnificat 1979 9 18:00 Fennica Gehrman
Manhattan Trilogy 2003 2 18:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Maria i Norden II 1964 9 01:00 [withdrawn; song 2-3 lost]
Marjatan jouluvirsi 1975 9 03:00 Fennica Gehrman
Marjatta matala neiti 1975 1 25:00 Fennica Gehrman
Matka 1977 9 10:00 Fennica Gehrman
Meren tytär 1970 3 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Minä en puhu minä laulan 1986 9 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Minä potkaisen tämän maailman nurin 00:00
Missa a cappella 2010 9 00:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Missa duodecanonica 1963 9 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Mitä on silmäluomiesi takaa syntymässä 1977 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Modificata 1957 2 13:00 Fennica Gehrman
Monologues of the Unicorn 1980 8 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Morsian 1975 9 03:00 Sulasol
Music for Upright Piano 1976 8 00:00 Schirmer
Music for Upright Piano and Amplified Cello 1976 7 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
Narcissus 2002 8 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Nattvarden 1963 9 05:00 Fennica Gehrman
Neljä laulua Aleksis Kiven runoihin 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Neljä romanssia 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Neljä romanssia oopperasta Rasputin 2007 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Neljä serenadia 1978 9 09:00 YL
Nirvana Dharma 1979 9 08:00 Fennica Gehrman
Notturno 1981 7 25:00 [withdrawn]
Notturno e danza 1993 7 08:00 Fennica Gehrman
Number 1 1980 11 07:15
Number 2 1980 11 15:00
Och glädjen den dansar 1993 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Octet for Winds 1962 7 15:00 Fennica Gehrman
October 1972 07:00 Fennica Gehrman
Odotus 1978 9 18:00 Fennica Gehrman
Olven kunnia 1998 9 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
On the Last Frontier 1998 9 26:00 Fennica Gehrman
Our joyful'st feast 2008 9 05:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Parantaja 1981 9 14:00 Music Finland
Partita pianolle 1958 8 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Partita pour guitare 8 00:00 Henry Lemoine
Passionale 2003 8 04:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Pelimannit 1952 8 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Pelimannit 1952 08:00 Fennica Gehrman
Pentecost 1967 7 00:00 [withdrawn]
Percussion Concerto 2008 3 23:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Piano Concerto no. 0 1955 3 00:00 [withdrawn]
Piano Sonata No. 1 1969 8 09:00 Fennica Gehrman
Piano Sonata No. 2 1970 8 11:00 Fennica Gehrman
Pingst 1964 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Piru ja juomari 8 02:00 Fennica Gehrman
Playgrounds for Angels 1981 7 10:00 Fennica Gehrman
Pohjalainen polska 1980 2 03:00 Fennica Gehrman
Polska 1977 7 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Pöytämusiikki Herttua Juhanalle 1954 7 04:00 Fennica Gehrman
Praktisch Deutsch 1969 9 06:00 Edition Eres
Prevariata 1957 2 07:00 Fennica Gehrman
Puusepän poika 1975 9 02:00 Sulasol
Pyhiä päiviä 1953 9 08:00 Fennica Gehrman
Quartet for Oboe and String Trio 1957 7 13:00 Fennica Gehrman
Quattro 1964 00:00 Music Finland
Quintet for strings 1997 25:30 Fennica Gehrman
Rakkaus ei koskaan häviä 1983 9 02:30 Sulasol
Rasputin 2001 1 02:30:00 Fennica Gehrman
Rubáiyát 2014 9 00:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Runo 42 'Sammon ryöstö' 1974 1 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Säännöllisiä yksikköjaksoja puolisäännöllisessä tilanteessa 1971 2 12:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sarja jousille 1953 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Second Music for Upright Piano 1976 8 04:00 Schirmer
Seitsemän preludia pianolle 1957 8 11:00 Fennica Gehrman
Serenade in Brass 1982 7 12:00 [withdrawn]
Serenades of the Unicorn 1977 8 00:00 Schirmer
Serenadien serenadi 1978 02:00 YL
Serenadi kuolemalle 1978 02:20 YL
Serenadi oluelle 1978 02:00 YL
Serenadi vaimolleni 1978 02:00 YL
Sinfoninen sarja 1953 2 00:00 [withdrawn]
Sinulle minä antaisin auringonkukkia 1986 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sommarnatten 1975 9 05:00 Sulasol
Sonata for Bassoon and Piano 1968 7 00:10 Fennica Gehrman
Sonata for Cello and Piano 1991 7 18:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sonata for Cello Solo 1969 8 18:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sonata for Flute and Guitar 1975 7 07:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sonetto 1969 7 05:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sonnet LXXIII 1952 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sonnet XII 1952 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sonnet XVIII 1952 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sotilasmessu 1968 2 11:00 Fennica Gehrman
String Quartet No.1 1952 7 12:00 Fennica Gehrman
String Quartet No. 2 1958 7 00:00 Breitkopf & Härtel
String Quartet No. 3 1965 7 12:00 Musikverlag Josef Weinberger GmbH
String Quartet No. 4 1975 7 22:00 Fennica Gehrman
String Quintet 1997 7 27:00 Fennica Gehrman
Summer Thoughts 1972 7 04:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Suomalainen myytti 1977 2 07:00 Fennica Gehrman
Suomalainen rukouskirja 1952 9 00:00 Sulasol
Suuri Pitkäperjantai 1953 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Sydämeni laulu 7 03:00
Syksy virran suussa 1965 9 00:20 Sulasol
Symphony 7 1995 38:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 1 1956 2 21:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 2 1957 20:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 3 1961 2 33:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 4 "Arabescata" 1962 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 4 (original work) 2 00:00 [Withdrawn. Arabescata (1962) named as Symphony no. 4 in 1986]
Symphony No. 5 1985 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 6 1992 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Symphony No. 8 1999 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Tapanin Virsi 2011 9 10:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Tarantará 1976 8 05:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ta Tou Theou 1967 8 13:00 Fennica Gehrman
Teema ja muunnelmia 1953 8 00:00 [lost]
Tema con tre variazioni 1952 2 00:00 [withdrawn]
The Finn Way 1973 2 05:00 [withdrawn]
The First Runo 1984 9 00:15 Fennica Gehrman
The Last Runo 2007 7 08:00 Boosey&Hawkes
The Morning comes 1967 00:00 YL
The Virgin's Lullaby 1988 9 03:00 Schirmer
The Water Circle 1972 9 20:00 Music Finland
Thomas 1985 1 01:40:00 Fennica Gehrman
Three Sonnets of Shakespeare 1952 9 07:00 Fennica Gehrman
Tietäjien lahja 1994 1 35:00 Fennica Gehrman
Toccata per organo 1971 8 08:00 Fennica Gehrman
Towards the Horizon 2008 3 20:00 Boosey&Hawkes
True & False Unicorn 1971 45:00 Schirmer
True & False Unicorn 1974 9 00:00 Schirmer
True & False Unicorn 46:00 Edition Wilhelm Hansen
Tulen 1972 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Två stranddikter 1982 9 04:00 [withdrawn]
Two preludes and fugues 1955 7 09:00 Fennica Gehrman
Two Preludes by T. S. Eliot 1956 9 04:00 YL
Ugrilainen dialogi 1973 7 10:00 Fennica Gehrman
Unsere Liebe 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Vantaan Hämeenkylän kuvakirkon kirkonkellojen musiikki 1992 8 00:00
Variations for Five 2013 7 16:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Variétude 1974 8 06:00 Fennica Gehrman
Vårvisa 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Viatonten valssi 1973 9 03:00 Fennica Gehrman
Vigilia 1971 9 01:00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Vigilia I-II 1971 37:00 Fennica Gehrman
Viimeinen enkeli 1973 00:00
Vincent 1987 1 02:00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Wenn sich die Welt auftut 1996 9 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Whispering 2010 7 00:00 Boosey&Hawkes
Winter 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Winter evening 1967 00:00 YL
Yksinlauluja 1 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Yksinlauluja 2 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Ylistyspsalmi 1979 9 06:00 Music Finland
Yö on syvä 1977 00:00 Fennica Gehrman
Yxi ja kaxi 1975 9 01:00 Fennica Gehrman